Sumba horse has historical ties with the people of Sumba. Horses have been part of community life in the southernmost island of Indonesia since the mid-18th century, long before the Dutch Ongole cattle brought to the island and establish a central Sumba Ongole cattle breeding in 1914.
Of the various types of horses in the world, Arabian horses can be considered a forerunner of the horses in Sumba today. Horses that are in Sumba and Southeast Asia region in general including the eastern race. In contrast to the horse races of Europe and America who have larger skulls.From the shape of her face, horse races are the descendants of horses suspected eastern Mongols. This horse is the offspring of Przewalski species found in Central Asia in 1879. Spread to the Asian region is estimated along with the spread of Hindu religion.Horses in Indonesia influenced tropical climate and the environment. Height ranged from 1.15 to 1.35 meters, so classified in this type of bangs. Shape of the head is generally large with flat faces, straight, light eyes and ears of living small. Other features, upright neck shape and width. Generally strong neck, back straight and hips strong. Location of high and oval-shaped tail, chest width, arch-shaped ribs are harmonious.Her legs were strong muscular, forehead and joints either. While the form of small nails and is in the palm of the strong. If the horse is standing, will appear a less harmonious manner (less good), because the two front legs are more developed when compared with the hind legs. Attitudes like these have stood on different types of horses in Southeast Asia, including in Sumba.
Portuguese ships that came to eastern Indonesia in the 16th century to find spices, had stopped at several ports, among others, in North Sulawesi. By the time they have introduced that stopped the horse that they bring to local residents. Tempers merchandise exchange between residents and the Portuguese traders. European horses were then crossed with local horses. The results of these crosses yielded offspring European horses in Minahasa.In addition to Arab and European horse types are known in Indonsia, there's more a type of horse called a horse Mongol, came from mainland Asia. The horses were then crossed with local types of horses and generate a new horse, measuring 120 cm high, such as golden-colored fur, black and white. This horse is still there in Cirebon and mountainous Tengger in East Java.The types of horses are there in Indonesia Makassar among other horses, horse Gorontalo and Minahasa, horse Sumba, Sumbawa horses, horse bima, Flores horses, horse Sabu, Rote horse (horse Kori), Timor horses, horse Sumatra, Java, horses, horse Bali and Lombok and Horse Brass.Sumba was originally a horse horses pony and then given the full name of the horse or horses Sandel Sandelwood Pony. Sandel horse developed in Sumba Indonesia is genuine racehorse. Sumba horse is the result of crossbreeding a pony local (up grading) and Arab horses. The name "sandelwood" itself is taken from the name of the sandal (sandalwood) which in the past had been exported commodities and emergency and Sumba islands in the archipelago and into other Asian countries like India and othersSumba horse population had declined by the middle of the 20th century, due to the spread of disease antrax. But increased again when there is quality improvement through crossbreeding with horse Australia. Crossbreeding with horse Australia aims to improve the speed and increase endurance.Current population of horses in Sumba estimated at 50 thousand tails. In East Sumba have been the result of livestock census conducted DVO East Sumba in 2008 recorded as many as 28,804 horses (18,958 female and male tail tail 9846). Looking at the composition between males and females serve targeted, expected population growth in East Sumba horse will continue to increase. Horse population in East Sumba spread almost in all districts. Populations most in Sub Pahunga Lodu (3425 head), District 3000 Eti Kahaunga tail, tail Kanatanga 2378, 1624 Tabundung tail, tail Pandawai 1453, Pinupahar, Haharu, and some other districts with a total of 1000 tail more farmers as much as 8087 people.Guarantee an increase in this population presented the Head of East Sumba District Veterinary Office, Ir. Robert Gana, some time ago. Robert said the horse population continues to rise and it continues to conduct strict supervision and routine vaccinations.Sandel horse has a low posture when compared to the horses race in Australia or America. High horseback between 130-142 cm. Many people used to pull horses, horse riding and even racehorses. It features located in the feet and nails strong and big neck. Sumba horse also has excellent durability. Fur color varies, there is a black, white, red, beige, gray and spotted.Horse for people of Sumba, originally only used as a means of transportation. But along with the lives of people of Sumba, the horse not only as a means of transport but also used as a dowry (belis), as a souvenir for indigenous affairs such as peace and for the congenital while attending the funeral. Even the horse for people of Sumba is considered as a vehicle ancestors.